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Located in the southwest of the region, it is the largest sub-zone of the three that make up the Wines of Madrid Appellation of Origin. It consists of 31 municipalities: Ambite, Aranjuez, Arganda del Rey, Belmonte de Tajo, Brea del Tajo, Campo Real, Carabaña, Colmenar de Oreja, Chinchón, Estremera, Fuentidueña de Tajo, Getafe, Loeches, Mejorada del Campo, Morata de Tajuña, Nuevo Baztán, Olmeda de las Fuentes, Orusco, Perales de Tajuña, Pezuela de las Torres, Pozuelo del Rey, Tielmes, Titulcia, Torres de la Alameda, Valdaracete, Valdelaguna, Valdilecha, Villaconejos, Villamanrique de Tajo, Villar del Olmo, Villarejo de Salvanés, and the El Encín estate of Alcalá de Henares. Slightly over 50% of the registered vineyard is situated in this sub-zone. Its lands are crossed by the Tajuña and Henares rivers, tributaries of the Jarama, which, in turn, flows into river Tajo.
The continental climate of this Appellation of Origin is characterized by extreme temperatures both in winter and summer. The sub-zone’s annual precipitation has an average of 460 mm. In this region we can find a wide range of soils, corresponding to the terrain’s geomorphology. What generally prevails are sedimentary formations, where limestone plateaus, gypsiferous farmland and alluvial terraces and plains are observed. The Appellation´s most powerful soil, tends to present loamy to clay-loam textures, high contents of carbonates and higher or lower alkalinity, with a pH between 7,5 -8,5. The 27 wineries of the Arganda Sub-zone process 20 million litres, which are slightly over 50% of the Appellation’s total production.
Consists of 19 municipalities in the south-central area of the Autonomous Region of Madrid: Aldea del Fresno, Arroyomolinos, Batres, Brunete, El Álamo, Fuenlabrada, Griñón, Humanes de Madrid, Moraleja de En medio, Móstoles, Navalcarnero, Parla, Serranillos del Valle, Sevilla la Nueva, Valdemorillo, Villamanta, Villamantilla, Villanueva de la Cañada and Villaviciosa de Odón.
This Sub-zone has a smaller extension, which corresponds to approximately14% of the registered vineyard. It is a very flat area crossed by the Guadarrama river in the south and at its west end by the Perales river, a tributary of Alberche. The annual precipitation of this area has an average of 530 mm. Here, too, the vineyard lies on soils of sedimentary origin of farmland and lowland areas. Soils that are loose, in general, with the predominance of loam – clay textures, neutral or slightly acid, with a pH between 5,5 -7,5. To this sub-zone belong 5 protected wineries, which approximately process 20% of the A.O.´s total production.
Consists of 9 municipalities: Cadalso de los Vidrios, Cenicientos, Colmenar del Arroyo, Chapinería, Navas del Rey, Pelayos de la Presa, Rozas de Puerto Real, San Martín de Valdeiglesias and Villa del Prado. Has 35 % of the registered vineyard. The Alberche river is this zone´s main tributary, crossing the area towards the south-east. Its proximity to the mountain range makes it a very rugged zone, a geomorphic feature that works as a natural barrier against cold, north winds and allows a warmer and a lot more humid range of temperatures, with an annual precipitation average of 628mm. This converts it into a less arid landscape, full of meadows, mountains and pine forests. The soils of this sub-zone are a product of the weathering of granite, gneiss and filonian rocks. The vineyard lies on slopes, foothills, plateaus and alluvial soils. They usually present a loam- clay texture and have a pH between 5.5-7.5. The 12 wineries found in this sub-zone process approximately 30% of the total production.